Conceptual design for metropolitan infrastructures around Maracanã Stadium.
The multiprogrammed infrastructure included: train and metro station, car-park, market, office spaces, restaurants, hotel and public spaces. Project developed at "Workshop Infrastructure and City", organized by Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Versailles and Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro.
[com Natalia Gonzalez, Cyril Marsollier e Benjamin Aubry]
9 STARTING POINTS
The challenge for the workshop was to design a structure to Maracanã Stadium to take into account its infrastructural scale. After a few meetings, surveys and site visits, our group considered important to work with 9 different aspects related to the Maracanã: 1) Global: Maracanã symbol of a country, icon, postcard, souvenir; 2) opportunistic: Maracanã as an equipment capable of attracting investments, as a generator of urban opportunities; 3) Show Off: the ability to focus and display, condensation around a single theme; 4) Recycling: the external structure of the Maracanã as support, as a starting point; 5) Democratic: Maracanã consists of mixture of classes, difference, divergence. All are important; 6) Optimistic: Maracanã is the embodiment of optimism: it is the theme park, where the fantastic is the program; 7) Cultural Identity: Maracanã should respond to its immediate urban context, in the neighborhood scale in which residents walk on its edge. Maracanã is parochial; 8) Ring: the final shape of Maracanã is conclusive, it is a cliché, it is emphatic and should be preserved; 9) Process: Maracanã is all in one, is the platform that aggregates all these aspects.
Each of the aspects (or starting points of analysis on the Maracanã) generated a design attitude. These attitudes end up at a sum and juxtaposition of themselves: the understanding of Maracanã as a whole.
The design attitudes were summarized in three actions: 1) to expand the area of the Maracanã, making its main ring win over 100 meters of thickness. 2) to shift the axis of the new outer ring in order to reach the Railway and Subway Stations and avoid the (unwanted) demolition of the Maracanazinho Arena and Julio Delamare Aquatic Park. 3) to multiply the ground level area of the Maracana by creating a lightweight outer spiral structure, with an imperceptible slope of 2%, this structure increase 20m in each lap, reaching the Radial Oeste Avenue with 15m high (enough to allow any truck or bus to pass under it) and also to reach the top of the current Maracanã in just 2 laps.
Maracanã thus becomes a “ground-building”, expanding infrastructural relationships which were possible only at zero level. In other words, the Maracanã is multiplied by answering the nine initial demands.
FLOWS AND FORM
After the first 3 infrastructural actions, a number of complexities were added to the inclined platform, for instance: access ramps that responded to the entrance to the stadium, separated by fan’s teams; sporadic flow arrival/departure of fans from the train station and subway and underground parking; daily flow through the Maracanã to other destinations, such as UERJ (State University of Rio de Janeiro), or CEFET (Federal Center of Technological Education), which are neighbors to Maracanã; physical connection to the other side of the railroad tracks, where Quinta da Boa Vista Park and Favela da Mangueira are situated.
I’M HAPPY HERE
Finally, we understood that all this infrastructure was, in fact, a support for the activities of people around the Maracanã, ie, the building would only be a huge global decoy for the fantastic urban complexity of Rio de Janeiro - supporting the ideas of Djamel Klouche in the project Très Très Grand Louvre in Grand Paris Stimulé - as shown in the video later developed in France.
link for video